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Enhancing the Secretion of a Glyco-Engineered Anti-CD20 scFv-Fc Antibody in Hairy Root Cultures

TitleEnhancing the Secretion of a Glyco-Engineered Anti-CD20 scFv-Fc Antibody in Hairy Root Cultures
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLonoce, C., Marusic Carla, Morrocchi E., Salzano A.M., Scaloni A., Novelli Flavia, Pioli Claudio, Feeney M., Frigerio L., and Donini Marcello
JournalBiotechnology Journal
KeywordsAntibodies, Auxins, Fluorescent screens, Glycosylation, Hairy roots, Molecular farming, N-Glycosylation, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, physiology, scFv-Fc antibodies, Tumors

Hairy root (HR) cultures represent an attractive platform for the production of heterologous proteins, due to the possibility of secreting the molecule of interest in the culture medium. The main limitation is the low accumulation yields of heterologous proteins. The aim of this study is to enhance the accumulation of a tumor-targeting antibody with a human-compatible glycosylation profile in HR culture medium. To this aim, the authors produce Nicotiana benthamiana HR cultures expressing the red fluorescent protein (RFP) to easily screen for different auxins able to induce heterologous protein secretion in the medium. The hormone 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is found to induce high accumulation levels (334mgL-1) of RFP in the culture medium. The same protocol is used to improve the secretion of the tumor-targeting, CD20-specific 2B8-FcΔXF recombinant antibody from glyco-engineered ΔXTFT N. benthamiana HR cultures. The addition of 2,4-D determine a 28-fold increase of the accumulation of fully functional 2B8-FcΔXF in the culture medium, at levels of ≈16mgL-1. Antibody N-glycosylation profiling reveal the prominent occurrence of GnGn structures and low levels of xylose- and fucose-containing counterparts. This result is the first example of the expression of an engineered anti-CD20 antibody with a scFv-Fc format at high levels in HR. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


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Citation KeyLonoce2018