|Electrocution and containment methods to reduce the activity of red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus, OL.)
|Tipo di pubblicazione
|Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
|Anno di Pubblicazione
|Fedrizzi, M., Pagano M., Guerrieri M., Tomasone R., Musmeci Sergio, Arnone Silvia, Sasso Raffaele, Cristofaro M., Antonucci F., and Santangelo E.
|Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research
Aim of study: To evaluate the susceptibility of the Rhynchophorus ferrugineus to electric discharges, to eventually use this application in synergy with other methods as part of an integrated control strategy. Area of study: Worldwide. Material and methods: Three different electric voltage intensities were applied to R. ferrugineus to investigate the insect’s susceptibility in both adult and larval stages. The transmission and diffusion of electricity within a portion of the palm tree was tested. In addition, the suitability of containment materials for handling and transportation of plant residues was tested. Main results: The results of adult test showed that the total number of eggs laid per mating couple and the number of larvae born were about 1.5 times higher in the control compared to the electrified samples. The duration of the electric discharge on larvae had a small impact on the mortality rate, while the electric voltage showed a strong impact on mortality (87% for 10 V and 99% for 15 V). The presence of a significant electric current was observed in a viable portion of stem (distance from the source of electricity 10 cm) providing a direct current with 250 V tension. Among the materials tested for the transportation of palm residues, the aluminium net sheet showed the best results in the containment of both larval and adult individuals. Research highlights: Electrocution has proven to be a system which can help in the control of red palm weevil reducing the use of synthetic chemicals. © 2020 INIA.
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