|Titolo||Metrological traceability in process analytical technologies and point-of-need technologies for food safety and quality control: not a straightforward issue|
|Tipo di pubblicazione||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Anno di Pubblicazione||2022|
|Autori||Mattarozzi, M., Laski E., Bertucci A., Giannetto M., Bianchi F., Zoani Claudia, and Careri M.|
|Rivista||Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry|
|Parole chiave||Accident prevention, Cost effectiveness, decision making, Food analysis, Food quality controls, food safety, Food safety control, Food testing, In-process, Instrument testing, Method validations, Metrological traceabilitys, Passive optical networks, Point of need, Process analytical technology, Process monitoring, Quality control, Rapid screening, Safety testing, Well testing|
Traditional techniques for food analysis are based on off-line laboratory methods that are expensive and time-consuming and often require qualified personnel. Despite the high standards of accuracy and metrological traceability, these well-established methods do not facilitate real-time process monitoring and timely on-site decision-making as required for food safety and quality control. The future of food testing includes rapid, cost-effective, portable, and simple methods for both qualitative screening and quantification of food contaminants, as well as continuous, real-time measurement in production lines. Process automatization through process analytical technologies (PAT) is an increasing trend in the food industry as a way to achieve improved product quality, safety, and consistency, reduced production cycle times, minimal product waste or reworks, and the possibility for real-time product release. Novel methods of analysis for point-of-need (PON) screening could greatly improve food testing by allowing non-experts, such as consumers, to test in situ food products using portable instruments, smartphones, or even visual naked-eye inspections, or farmers and small producers to monitor products in the field. This requires the attention of the research community and devices manufacturers to ensure reliability of measurement results from PAT strategy and PON tests through the demonstration and critical evaluation of performance characteristics. The fitness for purpose of methods in real-life conditions is a priority that should not be overlooked in order to maintain an effective and harmonized food safety policy. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2022, The Author(s).
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